[ADC logo]


N.P.M. Kuin(1), J.E. Gass(1), F. Ochsenbein(2), N.G. Roman(1),
G.L. Schneider(1), D.T. Leisawitz(3), and C.-C. J. Lyu(1)

Astronomical Data Center (ADC)
Astrophysics Data Facility, Code 631
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A.

December 1995

NOTICE: The data contained herein are for scientific use only and have no commercial value. Use of these data in publications of any kind should be acknowledged by reference to the original authors and publication as given in the "readme" file or primary FITS header as well as by referencing this CD-ROM.

(1) Hughes STX Corporation, Lanham, Maryland, U.S.A.
(2) Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, France
(3) Astrophysics Data Facility, NASA/GSFC, U.S.A.


  1. Introduction
  2. Disk Organization and Format
  3. Table 1. List of Catalogs on the CD-ROM
  4. Catalog Browsing Software
  5. Printed Durchmusterungen
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. References
  8. ADC Contact Information
  9. Other Information
  10. ....Author index
  11. ....Subject index


This is the second volume in a series of CD-ROMs that present a selection of astronomical catalogs from the Astronomical Data Center (ADC). The catalogs cover a variety of subjects and were selected because they are large or frequently requested. For example, this CD-ROM contains the large Durchmusterung catalogs that did not fit on Volume 1, as well as some other large catalogs like the Hipparcos and Tycho catalogs. There are two versions of this CD-ROM, one in ASCII (Volume 2, No. 1) and one in FITS (Volume 2, No. 2). The contents of the ADC CD-ROM, Selected Astronomical Catalogs, Volume 1 and error report are available.

The documentation of the catalogs follows the standard adopted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/ADC and the Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) in France. For each catalog a standard documentation file called "readme" was created. By using this readme file as input and software from the CDS (anafile), each catalog was checked for the proper data format, units, allowed data ranges, and correct sorting of the data as specified in the readme. During the verification process errors that were found were corrected in both the data and the documentation. Some catalog data files were reformatted to enable their description in the byte-by-byte tables in the standard readme documentation. This standard format was used with another CDS program (tofits) to convert the data, originally in flat ASCII, to the FITS format. The Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) is the data exchange standard endorsed by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) (See ADC Contact Information). The body of the readme file is incorporated in the FITS primary and table extension headers. A brief summary of the meaning of characters used to specify column charateristics in the Byte-by-byte section of the readme file can be found in a summary of the symbols used .

In Volume 1 a great effort was made to have uniform column labels (FITS keywords) across the whole CD-ROM catalog collection. The documentation standard applied here assures uniformity in the labeling of positional and some other information. However, the column label syntax has been refined to indicate in a uniform way certain relationships between table columns such as "reference to," "uncertainty flag of," "note to," "weights of," "mean error of," etc. In addition, the standard documentation file may define NULL values and specify allowed data ranges and sorting order. The catalog documentation standard, which is in the document directory, requires that SI units be used and thus complies with the IAU recommendations.

Disk Organization and Format

The disk has a simple layout with, at the highest level, separate directories for the catalogs, software, and additional documentation. The CD-ROM is formatted according to the ISO 9660 standard, and file the names have been restricted to eight characters with a three character extensions

The catalog data directory is organized like the ADC on-line FTP archive, with a separate directory for each catalog. The data files are located in the catalogs directory. The ADC catalog identification numbers are used as subdirectory names. The software directory contains catalog browsing software. The additional documentation directory contains a listing of catalogs available from the ADC as of November 1995, a brief overview of the ADC, and some other documents that may be useful.

The format of the data files are either ASCII text files (Volume 2, No. 1) or FITS files (Volume 2, No. 2). The FITS files have an extension .fit, a logical record length of 2,880 bytes and no record terminators. ASCII text files have extensions .dat for data, .doc for documentation, .tex for files in LaTeX or plain TeX, .sty for the LaTeX style file, .f or .for for Fortran code, .txt for text files, .hqx for binhex versions of the Macintosh software files, .bas for QBasic code and .htm for html formatted files. The readme files are text files that have no extension. Each ASCII text file record is terminated by a carriage return (decimal value 13; hex 0D) and a linefeed (decimal value 10; hex 0A). All the catalog data files have been changed to fixed record length by padding short records with blanks. Documentation files have a variable record length.

The software files are in several forms (see below). The FITS Table Browser software (FTB) appears in both compressed form in a .zip file (use PKZIP to decompress) and packaged in a UNIX .tar file. The FITS Table Browser was primarily written to allow owners of an IBM-PC under MS-DOS operating system to access FITS files. Included executables can be identified from their file name extension (.exe). The Macintosh software are HQX files and must be converted. All the other software files are in flat ASCII format.

Table 1. List of Catalogs on the CD-ROM

ID Abbreviated Title (First Author Year)

Astrometric and Positional Data:

1108 - Cape Photographic Durchmusterung (CPD; Gill, Kapteyn 1895-1900)
1114 - Cordoba Durchmusterung (Thome 1892-1932)
1119 - Southern Durchmusterung (Schoenfeld 1886)
1122 - Bonner Durchmusterung (BD; Argelander 1859-1862, Kuestner 1903)
1146 - Positions and Proper Motions (Roeser, Bastian 1988)
1175 - Fifth Fundamental Catalogue, FK5 Extension (Fricke et al. 1991)
1193 - Positions and Proper Motions - South (Bastian et al. 1993)
1196 - Hipparcos Input Catalogue, Version 2 (Turon et al. 1993)
1197A - Tycho Input Catalogue (revised version) (Egret et al. 1992)
1199 - Lick Northern Proper Motion Program: NPM1 Catalog (Klemola et al. 1993)
1200 - Lick Northern Proper Motion Program: NPM1 Ref Gal (Klemola et al. 1993)
1204 - Orbital Elements of 5566 Minor Planets (Batrakov, Shor 1993)
1206 - Bright Stars Supplement, PPM and PPM South Star Catalog (Bastian et al. 1993)
1208 - 90000 Stars Supplement to the PPM Star Catalog (Roeser et al. 1994)
1214 - Lick Northern Proper Motion Program: NPM1 Cross Index (Klemola et al. 1994)

Photometric Data:

2082 - Galactic O-Type Stars (Garmany et al. 1982)
2155 - Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (Fracassini et al. 1988)
2167 - General Catalogue of Photometric Data (Hauck et al. 1990)
2172 - General Catalog of Variable Stars, 4th Ed (GCVS4; Kholopov et al. 1990,1992)
2179 - Southern Spectrophotometric Standards. I + II (Hamuy et al. 1992,94)
2183 - UBVRI Photometric Stars Magnitude Range 11.5 < V < 16.0 (Landolt 1992)
2190 - IRAS Minor Planet Survey (IMPS; Tedesco et al. 1992)
2193 - UBV Photoelectric Catalogue: Data 1986-1992 (Mermilliod 1994)
2201 - Sternberg Supernovae Catalogue (Tsvetkov et al. 1995)

Spectroscopic Data:

3045 - Infrared Spectra for 32 Stars (Johnson et al. 1970)
3165 - A Catalogue of [Fe/H] Determinations (Cayrel de Strobel et al. 1991)
3166 - A New Library of Stellar Optical Spectra (Silva et al. 1992)
3167 - Atlas of UV Spectra of Starforming Galaxies (Kinney et al. 1993)
3179 - Southern MK Standards 5800-10200A (Danks, Dennefeld 1994) *
3181 - Near Infrared Spectra of Normal Stars (Torres-Dodgen et al. 1993)

Combined and Derived Data:

5042 - Orbital Elements, Masses, Luminosities of Close Binaries (Svechnikov et al. 1984)
5059 - Cataclysmic Binaries, Low-Mass X-ray Binaries, Related Objects (Ritter 1988)
5073A - Third Catalog Emission-Line Stars of the Orion Population (Herbig, Bell 1988)
5079 - Catalog and Atlas of Cataclysmic Variables (Downes and Shara 1993)

Miscellaneous Data:

6072 - Atomic Transition Probabilities, Sc-Ni (NIST 1993)
6073 - Atomic Spectral Lines Data OII, Mg, Al, S, Sc (NIST 1993)
6074 - Atomic Energy Level Data (NIST 1993)

Non-Stellar and Extended Objects Data:

7091 - IRAS Asteroid and Comet Survey 1.00 (IPAC 1986)
7140 - Galaxies Behind Milky Way (Saito et al. 1991)
7141 - Spectrophotometric Atlas of Galaxies (Kennicutt 1992)
7142 - Southern Redshifts Catalogue, 5th Version (Fairall, Jones 1991)
7152 - Einstein Observatory Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey (EMSS; Gioia et al. 1990, Stocke et al. 1991)
7155 - Third Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies (RC3; de Vaucouleurs et al. 1991)
7156 - Catalog of 558 Pulsars (Taylor et al. 1993)
7158 - Revised and Updated Catalog of QSOs (Hewitt, Burbidge 1993)
7163 - Catalogue of Galactic Supernova Remnants (Green 1994)
7164 - CfA Redshift Catalogue (Huchra et al. 1993)
7166 - Quasars and Active Nuclei, 6th Edition (Veron-Cetty et al. 1993)
7179 - Kiso Survey for Ultraviolet-Excess Galaxies (Takase et al. 1993)
7185 - IRAS 1.2 Jy Redshift Survey (Strauss et al. 1990; 1992; 1995)

Radio Data:

8015 - Parkes Radio Sources Catalogue, Version 1.01 (Wright, Otrupcek 1990)
8016 - Molonglo Reference Catalogue of Radio Sources (Large et al. 1991)
8017 - 31524 1.4-GHz Sources (White, Becker 1992)
8018 - 6C Survey of Radio Sources I (6CSRSI; Baldwin et al. 1985)
8021 - 6C Survey of Radio Sources II (6CSRSII; Hales et al. 1988)
8022 - 6C Survey of Radio Sources III (6CSRSIII; Hales et al. 1990)
8023 - 6C Survey of Radio Sources IV (6CSRSIV; Hales et al. 1991)
8024 - 6C Survey of Radio Sources V (6CSRSV; Hales et al. 1993)
8025 - 6C Survey of Radio Sources VI (6CSRSVI; Hales et al. 1993)
8031 - Revised source list for the Rees 38-MHz survey (Hales et al. 1995)
* Volume 2, No. 1 contains ASCII text files for both documentation and data; Volume 2, No. 2 contains the documentation as ASCII text and the data as FITS format. Catalog 3179 is available only in FITS format and thus only appears on disk Number 2.

Catalog Browsing Software

Included in this CD-ROM volume are software tools useful for browsing and/or extracting data from the catalogs. The same five software packages are included on both the ASCII version (Volume 2, No. 1) and the FITS version (Volume 2, No. 2) of the CD-ROM. BBEdit Lite and Browser are for the Macintosh. FIND, Aurora, and the FITS Table Browser are for IBM PC and compatibles with the DOS operating system. The FITS Table Browser will also work on some UNIX systems. They allow the user to edit large files, do catalog specific work, or access FITS files.

Please note that both freeware and shareware software packages are included on both disks. The user is obliged to comply with the shareware agreement as outlined in the documentation accompanying the software. This applies to the Aurora and Browser shareware. BBEdit Lite is freeware, as explained in the documentation accompanying it. FIND and FTB are freeware and are distributed "as-is" with no guarantee of any kind.

For browsing the FITS files and extracting records of interest, L. Brotzman's FITS Table Browser is useful. It is included in its original form. The FITS Table Browser was primarily written to allow owners of an IBM-PC under the MS-DOS operating system to access FITS files. The Browser software will allow the user to access FITS files on the Macintosh platform. Selected records may be extracted from ASCII tables using the QBasic program FIND provided J.A. Watko. The Aurora and BBEdit Lite editors give access to large files such as those on the CD-ROM. Aurora allows the editing of extremely large files (up to 1GB).

It is hoped that the FITS Table Browser Users' Guide, prepared by T.K. Simmons during his summer student internship at the ADC will help new users of the browser to avoid some of the problems experienced by their predecessors. The FTB Users' Guide describes how to locate and extract the desired records from a FITS table. The original FITS Table Browser was written specifically to work with the catalogs on Volume 1. The features that were designed to take advantage of information given in the Volume 1 FITS header comments do not work with the comments in FITS header files in Volume 2, No. 2. The user is cautioned to review the FITS headers separately and to give particular attention to the specific notes on the fields, which in Volume 2, No. 2 can only be viewed by reading the header comments or the readme file. In all other respects the FITS Table Browser works with the FITS formatted catalog files.

Printed Durchmusterungen

Some printed versions of the Durchmusterungen catalogs are still available from the ADC. These are identical to the catalogs that appear on the CD-ROM. To obtain a copy, contact the Coordinated Request and User Support Office of the NSSDC at Code 633.4 of the NASA/Goddard Space Fight Center, USA. (Internet: request@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov; telephone: (301)286-6695; fax: (301) 286-1635.)


Funding for this work was provided by the NASA Office of Space Science under contract NAS5-30960. The ADC is overseen and receives guidance from the Astrophysics Data Facility (ADF) at the NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. The National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) provided support during the editing and premastering of the CD-ROM. We acknowledge the assistance provided by Ms. Miranda Robinson, our technical editor, and the cheerful support of the NSSDC's Richard Chu during the making of the CD-Recordable premasters. The data were given to the international astronomical data centers (ADC and CDS) by many authors whose names are listed in the readme files. Usage of the data in future publications should be acknowledged by citing the original reference as well as this CD-ROM as the delivery vehicle. Many people helped to prepare the data in the standard form and validate the results. We are grateful to Francois Ochsenbein of the Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS), France for having implemented the documentation standard in his catalog preparation software. We thank Lee Brotzman for his encouragement during the early phases of the project; Nancy Oliversen for her input during the startup phase; Teheran K. Simmons for his enthusiastic work on the FITS Table Browser documentation; and Julie Anne Watko for her work on the FIND program and its documentation. We thank the 113 respondents to an E-mail survey conducted in the fall of 1994 to solicit community input. The enthusiasm and encouragement that they expressed in response to the survey kept us motivated.

Cover and disc designs by James Gass and Rob Kilgore. Front cover art, "Tycho at Uraniborg", courtesy Yerkes Observatory. Star photo courtesy Nancy Roman.


Selected Astronomical Catalogs, Volume 1. Brotzman, L.E. and Gessner, S.E., 1992, Astronomical Data Center/NSSDC/IAU, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD, U.S.A.

ADC Contact Information

The ADC maintains a World Wide Web site at: http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov/adc.html and an ftp site ftp://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov/pub/adc/. If errors are found to exist on the enclosed CD-ROM, they will be documented in the "errors" subdirectory of the ftp site. Information on the FITS standard and the NASA FITS Support Office can be found at FITS.


        Requesters WITHIN the United States:

           NSSDC Coordinated Request and User Support Office
           NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
           Code 633.4
           Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 USA

        Requesters OUTSIDE the United States:

           World Data Center-A for Rockets and Satellites
           NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
           Code 633
           Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 USA

        For all requesters:

           Internet:   request@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov
           Telephone:  (301) 286-6695;  FAX: (301) 286-1635


           Astronomical Data Center
           Code 631
           NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
           Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 USA

           Gail L. Schneider
           Internet:   gail.l.schneider@gsfc.nasa.gov or
           Telephone:  (301) 286-8310;  FAX: (301) 286-1771

           Melissa C. Larkin
           Internet:   larkin@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov
           telephone:  (301) 286-0679;  FAX: (301) 286-1635


           N. Paul M. Kuin
           Internet:    kuin@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov
           Telephone:   (301) 286-0677; FAX: (301) 286-1771

           Nancy G. Roman
           Internet:    nancy.g.roman@gsfc.nasa.gov
           Telephone:   (301) 286-4070;  FAX: (301) 286-1771


           Nancy G. Roman
           Internet:    nancy.g.roman@gsfc.nasa.gov
           Telephone:   (301) 286-4070;  FAX: (301) 286-1771

           David T. Leisawitz
           Internet:    leisawitz@stars.gsfc.nasa.gov
           Telephone:   (301) 286-0807;  FAX:  (310) 286-1771

Other Information

The author index and the keyword index files in the document directory are a cross reference to the catalogs on the CD-ROM. A complete listing of the catalogs with references and files can be found in the contents.txt file. A listing of the complete ADC catalog holdings and a listing of the complete ADC journal table holdings as of November 1995 are included as well as the author index and the keyword index to the complete catalog holdings .

Author: N. Paul M. Kuin (kuin@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov)
NASA Rep.: David Leisawitz (leisawitz@stars.gsfc.nasa.gov)
Last Revised: 7 December 1995 (GLS)